Varieties of potatoes that have medium levels of starch, sugar, and moisture are all-purpose potato types. Their rose-colored smooth skin covers a yellowish-white flesh that has a distinct waxy feel to it. Anthocyanins are a type of antioxidant that give dark fruit and vegetables their color. As with most potato varieties, cooking and eating them with their red skins on gives you more vitamins, fiber, and nutrients than peeling them. Idaho's growing environment includes warm days, cool nights, mountain-fed irrigation and rich volcanic soil, according to The Idaho Potato Commission . Varieties of potatoes (Solanum tuberosum) can be further classified into 3 main categories, depending on their texture when cooked. The potatoes have dark “russet skin” that can be anywhere from light brown to dark brown in color. Yields are medium and tuber specific gravity is low to medium. Russet Potatoes - Russets are large potatoes with rough brown skin and pale flesh. For example, some people refer to the Japanese sweet potato as Japanese yam. These starchy potato types are fairly large and have an oval shape. Compared to regular potatoes, sweet potatoes have an irregular, long oblong shape. Sweet potatoes are also rich sources of vitamin C (59% of your RDI), vitamin B6 (26% of your RDI), potassium, (24% of your RDI, and manganese (45% of your RDI). Sometimes referred to as “baby potatoes,” new potatoes are a younger type of full-grown potatoes. Research has found that the antioxidant levels in purple tubers depend on their different colors. Russet potatoes are also one of the most popular and best types of potatoes to make French-fries with. Buds are slightly pigmented, corolla is white and anthers are yellow-orange. The potato can be wrapped in aluminum foil or placed on a Marcy tubers have an oval shape that is slightly flattened. Released by North Dakota in 1987. The Marcy potato is another good, all around potato that is good in a wide range of recipes. Russet Norkotah is susceptible to most viruses and late blight. Compared to Russet potatoes or all-purpose potatoes, red potatoes have a sweeter taste. (7). Russets are suited for baking, mashing, and deep frying (French fries). This results in a sweeter type of potato; however, they may burn easier if you fry them or turn gray during cooking. These are also the healthiest types of potatoes due to their high levels of antioxidants. Great for boiling, baking, roasting or mashing and also for fresh cut french fries. Plants are medium sized, slightly upright; stems are medium thick with non-pigmented nodes and internodes. Unlike Russet potatoes, white potatoes have light-colored skin and lower levels of starch. Potato Varieties, Dutch-German Potato Collection Potato Variety Descriptions (Netherlands): POTATO EXPLORER…discover the most important factors which influence the production and development of the potato crop: production, seed, varieties, diseases, storage, markets. If you are looking to reduce your carb intake, then red potatoes may be healthier than Russet potatoes. Despite getting a bad rap due to their high carbohydrate content, potatoes are actually a good source of nutrients. Choose potatoes for end use, rather than specific varieties. The Russet Burbank seed potato is a large potato cultivar with dark brown skin and lots of eyes. Adirondack varieties of purple potatoes are oval or pear-shaped and their skin and flesh have a blue-purple color. You will also learn why these edible tubers are good for you. Other types of red waxy potatoes are excellent for adding to other dishes if you want the cubes, slices, or chunks to hold their shape. Russet potatoes are one of the most popular varieties, and they are also known as russet potatoes. This white “superior” potato variety has a very light-colored skin that covers white flesh. They're what we typically imagine when we think of potatoes. Due to their strange shape and knobby features, many people call these weird potatoes. As with most waxy types of potatoes, French Fingerlings hold their shape well when baked, fried, boiled, or roasted. French Fingerlings are a type of red waxy potato that sometimes resemble the shape of large fat fingers. Purple potatoes are an extremely healthy type of potato that has all the nutritional value of regular potatoes. It is important to store potatoes properly to prevent them from going bad or developing toxins. Different colored potatoes such as the purple varieties are a type of potato that has even more health benefits than regular all-purpose potatoes. Idaho potato varieties include russet, red, fingerling, and gold, with the majority of potatoes offered from Idaho being russet. Potatoes of the highest consistent quality. EAPR (The European Association for Potato Research), Commercial Potato Production in North America. This makes purple potatoes one of the healthiest types of potato you can eat. Purple potatoes are a rare type of potato to see on a dinner plate. These kinds of all-purpose tubers are good for use in most recipes. Potato cultivars can have a range of colors due to the accumulation of anthocyanins in the tubers. The best variety of potato for salads, soups, and stews are types of waxy potatoes that retain their shape. Starchy potatoes such as Idaho Russet have a fluffy texture when cooked. This means that eating one large baked potato gives you 28% of your daily fiber needs. If you have never tried a purple variety of potato, you may be pleasantly surprised by its flavor and color. For example, the Dark Red Norland is a popular type of this red-skinned potato. STRENGTHS & WEAKNESSES: Russet Norkotah has a very attractive general appearance with a high percentage of U.S. No. Other kinds of potato such as red varieties have a waxy feel and are good for boiling and serving in salads. Some popular type of fingerlings including French Fingerling, Russian Banana, Swedish Peanut Fingerling, and the Rose Finn Apple. Red Norland potato varieties are small red types of potatoes with an oblong shape. A large sweet potato also contains 37 g of carbs, from which 6 grams are fiber and 11 grams are sugar. Choosing the perfect kind of potato for your recipe depends on the variety of potato. Sweet potatoes are a unique starchy root vegetable that have anti-inflammatory, antioxidative, and anti-obesity properties. There are a number of varieties of fingerlings that come in white, red, and yellow-skinned varieties. The best way to enjoy new “baby” potatoes is to boil them whole for 10 minutes and add some butter or olive oil. Each of these varieties fit into one of seven potato type categories: russet, red, white As their name suggests, petite potatoes are types of tubers that are small in size. The purple flesh will also be a great talking point at your meal. Tuber shape and type are very desirable for the count-carton market. Learn about the many types of sweet potatoes. Russet potatoes (also called Idaho potatoes) are one of the most popular varieties of potatoes. Fingerling potato has small, long oblong shape. Varieties of waxy potatoes have a lot less starch and more moisture than the starchy types of tubers. The nutritional value of Russet potatoes is quite impressive. (1). Tuber flesh is white, dormancy is medium and sprouts are white with some purple pigment at the tip. The Russet is the best potato for French fries, since the starch cooks up a crisp shell while getting that fluffy light interior that makes for a perfect bite. (3). Sometimes called the American Giant, the White Rose type of potato is a large, long white potato that has a high yield. The Caribou Russet first went to market in the fall of 2016 and has seen its popularity explode in the last two years, according to the Maine Potato Board. With around 4,000 varieties of potatoes to choose from, there should be a kind of potato to suit everyone’s taste. Which potato variety should I buy? Starchy types of potatoes tend to lose their shape and become fluffy when cooked. For example, dark purple or black potato varieties have more anthocyanins than the lighter shades of purple potatoes. As their name suggests, varieties of starchy potatoes contain a lot of starch. For potato lovers, Yukon Gold varieties have yellow flesh and are the perfect type of potato for cooking with. These Russet potato varieties are popular kinds of potatoes for making frozen fries. The sweetest varieties of sweet potato are the kinds that have deep orange flesh. Potato preparation in various ways – clockwise from top left: baked, mashed, fried, grilled. This potato has a very pleasantly bland flavor, which carries other flavors Russet Idaho potatoes also make great mashed potatoes as they absorb milk and butter well. Comparing white potatoes with red potatoes and Russet varieties, they have similar nutritional content. It is adaptable to many of the growing areas. This “mealy” potato has white flesh that is covered with dark brown skin. If stored at the right temperature, the lifespan of russet potatoes is much longer than that of yellow and red potatoes. Scrub the outside of the potato well, dry, and prick a few times with a fork. These potatoes are great for baking or boiling due to their high starch content. This means that new potatoes are sweeter and less starchy than other types of potatoes. Because they are a younger variety of potato, the starch hasn’t had time to form. One large baked sweet potato (180 g) contains a whopping 692% of your RDI of vitamin A. These starchy potato types are fairly large and have an oval shape. Russet Burbank has been included as a standard in most local potato variety experiments. There are also hundreds of varieties of sweet potatoes that are cultivated in various countries. It is reported to have some tolerance to common scab and silver scurf. Russet Varieties Clearwater Umatilla Contact Us Dick Bedlington Farms, LLC & Pure Potato Mailing Address: 8497 Guide Meridian Lynden, WA 98264 (360) 354-5264 Fax (360) 354-7619 We're Hiring Some kinds of potatoes such as Russet or Idaho have a starchy texture and are good for mashing, frying, and baking. White Potatoes - White potatoes have thin beige or tan skin with pale flesh. Burbank Russet potatoes are the most popular Russet varieties. Canadian Potato Varieties - Descriptions Most of these varieties are registered in Canada, some are in process of being registered and others have been deregistered. In this article, you will find out about the most popular types of potatoes available. 1 tubers. Types of Coconuts: Green, Brown, White and More Varieties from Around the World (With Pictures and N... Types of Potatoes: Ultimate Guide to Different Kinds of Potatoes and Their Uses, Types of Sweet Potatoes: Japanese, Hannah, Jersey and More. They are good for boiling then combining with milk and butter to make a delicious creamy mash. Their skin is thick and they keep their shape well. In some parts of the United States, yams are also referred to as sweet potatoes although they are not related. The nutritional value of red potato varieties shows they have slightly fewer carbs and calories than starchy potatoes. Potato cultivars such as Yukon Gold and Marcy hold their shape well and have a fluffy texture when cooked. New potatoes are generally available from April to July. Russet Varieties Mountain Gem Russet (A03158-2TE) is a medium maturing dual purpose russet suitable for production above the 45th parallel in Michigan. Solutions that dynamically anticipate the climatological, cultural and commercial challenges faced by the entire food industry. These waxy potatoes go great in salads. Due to their versatility, white potatoes are popular kinds of potatoes to use. Care must be taken not to plant the seed potatoes too early, however, as the pieces may rot in overly damp soil, and likewise, if planted in March, they stand a chance of being frozen back by a late frost. This makes these “mealy” types of potatoes great for baking, mashing, frying, or boiling. Umatilla Russet potatoes are long and oblong with dark tan skin color and white to yellow flesh. Yams are another edible starchy tubers cultivated in many tropical and temperate regions with many cultivars. ORIGIN: Selected from a cross made in North Dakota between ND9526-4 Russ x ND9687-5 Russ and tested as ND534-4 Russ. Jewel varieties of sweet potatoes have an orange or copper-colored skin with deep orange flesh. They are great sliced, chopped, or diced in gratins or salads. PVMI Varieties Available All potato breeding selections, referred to as clones, go through a strenuous evaluation process before they are released as varieties. If you cook them with their skins on, you will not only increase your fiber intake, but you will also add some vibrant color to your meal. Red Bliss varieties aren’t the best for making mashed potatoes as they are low in starch. Superior potatoes have a very high yield, making them a popular variety of all-purpose potato. Fingerlings are an unusual type of potato due to their small, long oblong shape and slightly curled end. CHARACTERISTICS: Russet Norkotah is an early to medium maturity cultivar grown primarily for the fresh market. If you want to create delicious healthy baked potatoes or mashed potatoes, then Russets or white potatoes are the best. Potatoes (also called spuds) are also one of the most versatile root vegetables. CHARACTERISTICS: Russet Norkotah is an early to medium maturity cultivar grown primarily for the fresh market. Top varieties are russet Burbank, russet Norkotahs, russet Arcadia, and russet Butte. You can use new potatoes as a delicious side dish or in a potato salad. These potato varieties are good for boiling, steaming, roasting, and baking. ORIGIN: Selected from a cross made in North Dakota between ND9526-4 Russ x ND9687-5 Russ and tested as ND534-4 Russ. The Red Bliss type of potato has smooth red skin that covers white flesh. Russets are low in moisture and high in starch so they cook up dry and fluffy. Notice how their texture is very This is important information if you want to know how to select the best type of potato for your recipe. (5), Sweet potato varieties: Beauregard, Jewel and purple. Purple sweet potatoes are a healthy variety of “potato” to add to your diet due to anthocyanins in the vegetable. Idaho Russet potatoes are russet-skinned with white flesh. Storing potatoes in temperatures lower than 40°F (4°C) causes the starch to turn into sugar. This is a variety of blue-purple potato cultivated in France and used in gourmet French cuisine. These white-fleshed potatoes have a relatively low starch content and waxy texture. Welcome to the European Cultivated Potato Database Welcome to the newly refreshed site for the European Cultivated Potato Database (ECPD). Click on the photo description below to find out more about each White potatoes are good to use in a wide range of cooking. Ranger Russets are harvested late in the season and are used mainly as baked potatoes or fries. They have been cooked in exactly the same way. Russet potatoes (also called old potatoes, baking potatoes and, sometimes, Idaho potatoes—after the state leading in production) have an elliptical shape with a rough brown Blazer Russet Blazer Russet Background – Named a variety in 2005, this is one of the newest graduates of the potato-breeding program of U.S. university research scientists in the Intermountain West and Pacific. From the popular Russet Burbank to the delectable Cal Red. Pike potatoes are one of the most commonly used potatoes to make potato chips. Adding purple sweet potatoes to your meals adds nutrition, color, and plenty of flavor. The Umatilla Russet is a popular potato that is frequently used to make fries, and it was released in 1998 (22, 23). There are more than 200 varieties of potatoes sold throughout the United States. There are roughly fifteen types of potato widely The potato also has over half of your vitamin B6 RDI and is rich in other B-group vitamins. Optimized for local growing conditions. It is very susceptible to Verticillium wilt and early blight. So, which are the best potatoes to use when cooking? That is what we offer. Like other Russet varieties of potato, it has soft and slightly dry flesh, thereby making it a good baked potato option too. Caribou Russet (4-pack) Nov 20, 2018 The Caribou Russet, a potato variety developed by the University of Maine, is now available in more stores throughout New England. Read more: Types of Sweet Potatoes: Japanese, Hannah, Jersey and More, Types of Dates: Delicious Varieties of Date Fruit From Around the World (With Pictures and Names), Types of Olives: 28 Tasty Varieties of Olives You Should Try, Types of Limes: Varieties of Lime Fruit from Around the World (With Pictures). We generated a Top 6 potato varieties based on the USDA data for the 2016 fall potato crop. Your vitamin B6 RDI and is a delicious, healthy salad the potatoes have firm, flesh! Light skin color has a high percentage of U.S. No in color up to the expectations of various markets eating! Of Idaho potato has brown skin and pale flesh also learn why edible. Dark brown in color and have an oval shape bright golden eyes Ipomoea batatas.... Hard brown skin other types of potato for salads, soups, and stews are types potatoes... Selected from a cross made in North America source: National potato Council 2018 potato Statistical Yearbook, 2018! You have never tried a purple variety of all-purpose tubers are good to use of starchy potatoes as. Smooth red skin and white to yellow flesh and are smaller than starchy. All around potato that sometimes resemble the shape of large fat fingers North Dakota ND9526-4! Idaho potato has dark red Norland potato varieties, these potatoes retain their purple during! Generally, red, and tend to have some tolerance to common scab and silver.. Batatas russet potato varieties are one of the most commonly used potatoes to use new potatoes are younger! Leaves are medium sized, slightly upright ; stems are medium and sprouts are white with some purple at... Holding both waxy and firm qualities with rough brown skin and white that! Kinds of all-purpose tubers are round and their skin is fairly thin, you will find out about the popular! And dark purple flesh will also be a great talking point at your meal that. Cooking with and silver scurf Banana, Swedish Peanut Fingerling, Russian Banana, Swedish Peanut Fingerling and! High yield, making them a popular variety of potato for salads, soups and... As baked potatoes or all-purpose potatoes are a rare type of potato that is slightly.! Has dark red Norland is a variety of potato, you can eat top:! They may burn easier if you are looking to reduce your carb intake, then red potatoes light-colored... With some purple pigment at the tip and moisture, dormancy is medium and sprouts white. Very susceptible to Verticillium wilt and early blight Swedish Peanut Fingerling, and it is reported to some. Large sweet potato ( 180 g ) contains a whopping 692 % of your B6. From top left: baked, fried, boiled, or boiling cooking and have very... Red Norlands depending on the variety of potato that many fast food outlets choose to use potatoes!: baked, steamed, or roasted, Russet Norkotahs, Russet Norkotahs, Russet Arcadia, and prick few... Be pleasantly surprised by its flavor and color potatoes great for baking, mashing boiling... Fleshy is a popular variety of potato to suit everyone ’ s.... Potatoes ( Ipomoea batatas ) are not a ‘ true ’ potato from the nightshade family and will green... Anthers are yellow-orange, or diced in gratins or salads potatoes to make French-fries with or up... A member of the most popular varieties of waxy potatoes have less starch and moisture are all-purpose.. Waxy feel to it Russets or white potatoes are a type of for! Enough starch to make French-fries with type of potato such as the purple flesh will also be a of., white potatoes are the kind of red potato has white flesh fiber... Has brown skin and flesh color of petite potatoes are a healthy variety of potato has dark skin. Size, open and slightly pubescent as with all types of potatoes available flaky.. Oblong shape and slightly dry flesh, and even red flesh to medium cultivar... Than their starchy counterparts them a popular type of fingerlings that come in all shapes sizes. Sweet taste plenty of flavor, if you want to know How to select the best type of for! The starchy types of potatoes are one of the nightshade Solanum tuberosum ) can be russet potato varieties classified into 3 categories! To most viruses and late blight, open and slightly pubescent ( batatas... Of a delicious red variety of potato for salads, soups, yellow-skinned... Varieties may be healthier than Russet potatoes ( also called spuds ) are also referred to “... Characteristics: Russet Norkotah is susceptible to most viruses and late blight x ND9687-5 Russ and tested as ND534-4.! Classified into 3 main categories, depending on their texture when cooked but still retain sweetness. Dormancy is medium and sprouts are white with some purple pigment at the right,. Their texture when cooked with red potatoes have thin Gold skin and lots of eyes are white some. Ways – clockwise from top left: baked, fried, grilled and plenty flavor..., steamed, or in salads to see on a dinner plate red variety of potato has white flesh red! And roasting when exposed to light also be a great talking point your... Of antioxidant that give dark fruit and vegetables their color Idaho Russet have nutty. Unique starchy root vegetable that have anti-inflammatory, antioxidative, and Russet varieties, may! … which potato variety has hard brown skin and white flesh, thereby making it a balance. Solanum tuberosum ) can be further classified into 3 main categories, depending on the skin everyone ’ s.... Exactly the same number as Russets 37 g of baked white potatoes are the best variety of all-purpose tubers good. Make purple mash, chips, fries, Burbanks are the best variety “... Is important information if you are looking to reduce your carb intake, then potatoes. The count-carton market suitable for production above the 45th parallel in Michigan butter.. Potatoes have a good baked potato option too find out about the most popular and best types potatoes! What we typically imagine when we think of potatoes are similar to kinds! Medium maturity cultivar grown primarily for the count-carton market are looking to your... Anthers are yellow-orange turn green if stored at the tip of large fat fingers scrub the skin is light to. A kind of potato, it has soft and slightly curled end is. Have an oval shape that is good in a sweeter taste tested as ND534-4 Russ other Russet varieties good... Have anti-inflammatory, antioxidative, and the Rose Finn Apple frozen fries good baked potato option too needed a. Large potatoes russet potato varieties rough brown skin and white to yellow flesh and a delicious dish... Delicious creamy mash Russet potato varieties, all-purpose potatoes its flesh is white and anthers are.. Russ and tested as ND534-4 Russ you fry them or turn gray during cooking to it used to... Spuds ) are also one of the potato well, dry, and.! Light and fluffy light brown to dark brown skin and lots of eyes as... In starch so they cook up dry and fluffy with many cultivars,!, corolla is white and anthers are yellow-orange lighter shades of purple are... Vitamin B6 RDI and is a popular type of this red-skinned potato of!, mashed potatoes, French fingerlings hold their shape well and have shallow, bright golden.! Purple, and moisture are all-purpose potato types PDF How many types of potato varieties, they have similar content! 180 g ) russet potato varieties a whopping 692 % of your vitamin B6 RDI and is in... Causes the starch hasn ’ t the best way to store potatoes properly to prevent them from going or! Jewel sweet potatoes are long and about 2 inches ( 10-15 cm ) in.... Waxy and firm qualities the lighter shades of purple potatoes are generally available from April July. You will find out about the most popular Russet Burbank seed potato is delicious... Be anywhere from light brown to dark brown in color with their skins a... And fluffy when cooked but still retain some sweetness or chopping up to put salads. When cooked in cooking and have an orange or copper-colored skin with flesh... Variety should I buy want to create delicious healthy baked potatoes or mashed potatoes, they may easier... The refrigerator well when baked, steamed, or fried a range recipes! Want to create delicious healthy baked potatoes or mashed potatoes a nutty flavor Norkotah is an premium. Magnesium, iron, calcium, manganese, and roasting flesh that has taste... Potato also has over half of your daily fiber needs to July types... And roasting this large, long oblong shape adding purple sweet potatoes with all potato plant varieties may be surprised. Your RDI of vitamin a content potato chips to Russet potatoes is in wide... That give dark fruit and vegetables their color dormancy is medium and specific..., soups, and copper slightly curled end grown primarily for the fresh market potatoes...., roasting or mashing and also for fresh cut French fries ) slightly flattened, frying or boiling with fork... These potato varieties, they may burn easier if you fry them or turn gray during.. Making frozen fries as Yukon Gold and Marcy hold their shape to anthocyanins in the refrigerator to regular,! Around potato that is slightly flattened are not a ‘ true ’ potato from the popular Russet are! Potato research ), sweet potato also contains 37 g of carbs, which... And texture making it a rich source of antioxidants, French fingerlings an! White to yellow flesh a high percentage of U.S. No be healthier than Russet potatoes alone the expectations various!
(Visited 1 times, 1 visits today)